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A diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can be a challenging and overwhelming experience for parents and caregivers.

What is Autism?

Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that affects communication, social interaction, and behavior. Children with Autism may struggle with language development, find it difficult to make and maintain social relationships, and exhibit repetitive behaviors or interests. However, with early intervention and proper management, children with Autism can thrive and reach their full potential.

It is important to recognize the early signs and symptoms of Autism in children. These signs may be present from birth or become apparent as the child grows and develops. Some early signs of Autism include a lack of eye contact, delayed or absent language development, difficulty making and maintaining social connections, and repetitive behaviors. However, it is important to remember that every child develops differently, and not all children with Autism will exhibit the same signs or symptoms.

Autism is a genetic condition, which means that parents do not cause it. It affects approximately 1 in 59 children in the United States and approximately 31 million children in India. While there is no cure for Autism, early intervention and proper management can help children with Autism reach their full potential. A multidisciplinary approach is often required, including behavioral therapy, speech therapy, occupational therapy, and medication, depending on the needs of the child.

Family involvement is crucial in the management of Autism. Parents can work with healthcare providers and specialists to develop a comprehensive treatment plan tailored to their child’s unique needs. This plan may include behavioral interventions to address specific behaviors or deficits, communication training to improve language development and social skills, and education and support for families and caregivers.

In addition to early intervention and proper management, there are also steps that parents and caregivers can take to support the development of children with Autism. These may include creating a structured and predictable environment, establishing routines and schedules, providing clear and consistent expectations and rules, and offering positive reinforcement for appropriate behaviors.

It is important to note that while Autism is a lifelong condition, with proper management and support, children with Autism can lead happy, fulfilling lives. As with any developmental disability, early intervention and support can make a significant difference in a child’s long-term outcomes. It is never too early to seek help and support for a child with Autism.

This Autism Factsheet provides definition of Autism, information on the early signs and symptoms of Autism, potential causes, autism diagnosis, and treatment options. It also includes resources for families seeking support and additional information about Autism.


We would like to express our gratitude to Dr. Ajay Sharma, a consultant Neuro-developmental Pediatrician, for providing expert advice and guidance in the preparation of this autism factsheet. Additionally, we would like to thank our volunteer Sailaja Tadimeti for taking the time and effort to translate this content from English to Telugu.

Click here to find more information about Autism.

If you have questions or concerns about Autism or other developmental delays in your child, our Nayi Disha team is here to help. We offer a FREE Helpline at 844-844-8996, where our counselors speak English, Hindi, Malayalam, Gujarati, Marathi, Bengali and Telugu. We are available to provide guidance and support to families navigating the challenges of Autism and other developmental disabilities.

Please note that this factsheet on Autism is for informational purposes only and should not replace advice from a qualified health practitioner. If you have concerns about your child’s development or behavior, please consult a healthcare professional for safe management.

क्या आपके बच्चे में ऑटिज्म का पता चला है? हो सकता है कि आप इस शब्द (ऑटिज्म) को पहली बार सुन रहे हों, या इसके बारे में कुछ-कुछ जानते हों। संकेतों, लक्षणों, कारणों और उपचारों के बारे में जानने के लिए कृपया ऊपर दिखाए गए ऑटिज्म फैक्टशीट को पढ़ें और डाउनलोड करें। इससे आपको अपने बच्चे के स्वास्थ्य और जरूरतों को समझने और उसकी देखभाल करने में मदद मिलेगी । याद रखें, नियमित तौर पर अच्छी देखभाल और परिवार की सही भागीदारी की मदद से ऑटिज्म  स्पेक्ट्रम के बच्चे भी एक खुशहाल और अच्छा जीवन जी सकते हैं। सूचना: कृपया ध्यान दें कि यह गाइड केवल जानकारी देने के उद्देश्यों के लिए है। सुरक्षित प्रबंधन के लिए कृपया किसी योग्य डॉक्टर से सलाह लें। स्वीकृतियां: सलाहकार न्यूरो-विकासात्मक बाल रोग विशेषज्ञ, डॉ अजय शर्मा को विशेष धन्यवाद जिनकी विशेष सलाह और मार्गदर्शन में इस जानकारी को इक्ट्ठा किया गया। इस सामग्री का अंग्रेजी से तेलुगु में अनुवाद करने में लगे समय और प्रयास के लिए हम अपनी स्वयंसेवी सुश्री शैलजा तादिमेटी को धन्यवाद देते हैं।

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