Autism, now known commonly as the Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a spectrum of developmental disorders that is often reflected as impaired social interactive skills in the child. As the name suggests, the disorders present an entire array of signs based on symptom severity.
ASD is a developmental disability that can cause significant social, communication and behavioural challenges
As per DSM –V, Autism is defined by two core elements:
• Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction
• Deficits in non-verbal communicative behaviors
The identification of ASD in a child is done through careful preliminary screening, followed by a detailed behavioural analysis. It is equally important to ensure selective behavioural traits of a child don’t get misdiagnosed as ASD precursors. This makes the diagnosis of ASD a big challenge. Hence, it becomes imperative to have a standard behavioural reference chart that can be used by psychologists, parents and educators, in understanding if a child is truly on the spectrum for Autism. The current guidelines for diagnosis recommend a minimum age of 2 years or more, for the assessment of ASD in a child.
The Autism society of India was started by a group of individuals in 2006, with the aim to provide support and resources to families dealing with ASD. It isn’t uncommon to observe skills and strengths in a person with ASD, that allow them to possess an entire spectrum of unique abilities that need to be fostered in parallel with their disabilities. Want proof? – Mr.Ujjwal Sharma, a 21-year-old individual with Autism, created the infographic shown below.
The infographic “What are the signs of Autism?” shown above can help parents or teachers in recognising some common day to day hints to address this disability in a child.
DISCLAIMER: Please note that this guide is for information purposes only. Please consult a qualified health practitioner for safe management.
Do check out this insightful session where Pediatric Neurologist Dr.Ram Kairam addresses parents about the facts and help dispel the misconceptions about Autism.